Wide Awake: Here’s our Stance on the Post-9/11 GI Bill
The Post-9/11 GI Bill has recently become a fiery topic of discussion in military communities, support organizations, and among lawmakers. Proposed legislation would cut in half the housing stipend for dependent children using the transferred benefit, and some organizations are taking a strong stance against the proposal. Others say the cuts are valid, calling parts of the Post-9/11 GI Bill “overly generous.”
At the National Military Family Association, we are personally invested in the Post-9/11 GI Bill and the ability of service members to transfer those benefits to spouses and children. Many of us are military spouses whose service member has transferred the benefit to our own children. Others of us have used transferred GI Bill benefits to further our own education. When the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission (MCRMC) recommended eliminating the housing stipend for dependents using transferred Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits in its 2015 report, our Association led the way in rejecting that proposal. We argued that the government needed to honor its commitment to service members who had already transferred the benefit.
We understand how valuable this benefit is for military families, and we are committed to preserving it.
So why haven’t we spoken out about the proposal?
To be clear: we’re not happy about the legislation. We understand the value of the housing stipend to families, especially since room and board can cost as much as tuition. However, after analyzing the legislation and carefully weighing the costs and benefits, we have decided not to oppose the bill. Here is our reasoning:
- The legislation does not affect anyone who has already transferred the benefit. This would have been a deal breaker for us. In order to transfer GI Bill benefits, service members must commit to an additional four years of service. We believe the government must honor its contract to anyone who has taken on this additional service obligation. This bill does that.
- The bill includes a window for service members to transfer the benefit and still receive the full housing stipend. Service members and families will have 180 days from the date the legislation is enacted to transfer the benefit under the old system.
- The money saved by reducing the housing stipend for dependent children will fund education benefits for surviving family members. The bill allows surviving family members using the Marine Gunnery Sergeant John David Fry Scholarship (the Fry Scholarship) to qualify for education benefits under the Yellow Ribbon Program, which currently they are not eligible for. The bill also extends eligibility for the Fry scholarship for an additional 51 months for spouses who lost their service member between September 11, 2001 and December 31, 2005. Under current law, those spouses’ eligibility for educational benefits will soon expire; the new law gives those surviving spouses time to use the benefit to complete their education.
The Post-9/11 GI Bill transferability was created as a retention tool during a time of intense conflict. Now that the Services are drawing down, we know some retention tools will change or be eliminated. If these changes are inevitable, we are pleased that at least the funds are being redirected to support surviving family members.
We will continue to watch closely as Congress considers other changes to military pay and benefits and will fight to protect the programs and services military families need and have earned.
Posted April 19, 2016